Skip to main content

Zwiedzanie Pura Besakih, Holiest Temple Bali

Odkrywania Complex Pura Besakih Temple w East Bali, Indonezja

Znany jako „Mother Temple” w Bali, Pura Besakih znajduje się 3000 stóp góry zboczach Mount Agung w East Bali. Pura Besakih , uważany za najważniejszy hinduskiej świątyni na Bali, jest w rzeczywistości złożony z 23 osobnych świątyń , które mogą zostać zbadane przez turystów.

Pura Besakih wykonane strumienicę świata w 1963 roku, kiedy świątynia – uważa się, że został uratowany przez bogów – cudem przeżył druzgocący erupcji przez Agung.

Pura Besakih został nominowany jako potencjalnego światowego dziedzictwa UNESCO w 1995 roku.

Świątynie Pura Besakih za

Świątynie Pura Besakih Uważa się, że sięgają 14 wieku, jednak niektórzy mieszkańcy tej pory je już w 10 wieku.

Zbudowane na siedmiu poziomach wznoszących, Pura Penataran Agung jest epicentrum dzielnicy Temple. Gigantyczna schody, ozdobione rzeźbionymi postaciami z Mahabharaty i Ramajany, pozwala pielgrzymi wznieść się do góry. Wielobarwny banery latające wokół Pura Penataran Agung oznaczać poświęcenia świątyni do Śiwy , boga niszczyciela hinduizmu.

Pozostali bogowie hinduskiej Trimurti są również zapamiętany w Pura Besakih; Pura Batu Madeg poświęcona Wisznu (z przechowywania), można znaleźć w północno-zachodniej części wspomnianej świątyni, z przepięknych iglic dotarcia do nieba. I Pura Kiduling Kreteg poświęcone Brahmy twórca, leży w poprzek wąwozu na południowym wschodzie.

Te i 19 innych świątyń rozsianych po całej kompleksu stanowią najświętszych świętych dla pobożnej balijskich, którzy przychodzą do przynieść dary dla bogów i zabrać z powrotem wodę święconą stąd do wykorzystania w obrzędach świątynnych w ich wioskach.

  • Temple run: Dowiedz się więcej o  najważniejszych świątyń na Bali .

Pura Besakih festiwali

Każdy z poszczególnych świątyń w Pura Besakih posiada własną odalan lub festiwalu świątyni; jesteś prawie na pewno natknąć jeden obchodzony każdej wizycie kompleks świątynny.

But for the biggest temple festivals in Pura Besakih, you should time your visit to one of the following dates:

Batara Turun Kabeh: the eve of the tenth lunar month marks the high point of a full month’s festivities, the name of which translates to “the gods descend together”.

The Balinese believe the gods of all temple shrines on Pura Besakih simultaneously descend to earth during Batara Turun Kabeh, and villagers from all over the island converge to offer them sacrifices and celebrate. Watch the purification pilgrimage, where Balinese make a slow procession bearing heirlooms and holy objects, all to be sanctified in the temple’s holy waters.

The date corresponds to the Balinese saka calendar, and occurs on the following dates relative to the western Gregorian calendar:

  • April 11, 2017
  • April 4, 2020
  • March 31, 2018
  • March 28, 2021
  • March 20, 2019
 

Odalan of Pura Penataran Agung: the odalan (temple festival) of Besakih’s biggest single temple occurs every 210 days. Come for the spectacle of thousands of Balinese converging on the stairs ascending the terraces, and praying facing the largest temple bearing altars to the Hindu trimurti.

The date corresponds to the Balinese pawukon calendar, and occurs on the following dates relative to the western Gregorian calendar:

  • 2017: March 17, October 13
  • 2020: January 31, August 28
  • 2018: May 11, December 7
  • 2021: March 26, October 22
  • 2019: July 5
  • 2022: May 20, December 16

Visiting Pura Besakih

Pura Besakih and other loosely-connected Hindu temples around Mount Agung can be explored on a day trip from Ubud or Denpasar. Tourists can wander from temple to temple; each site differs according to deity and purpose.

The Pura Besakih temple complex is extremely active; scores of different Hindu ceremonies are held throughout the year. Pura Pentataran Agung and other temples may be closed to tourists during special worship days – ask in Ubud before making the journey to Pura Besakih.

While tourism has caused the region around the temple complex to explode in growth, the popularity has attracted a horde of guides, touts, and hawkers hoping to relieve visitors of extra cash.

Pura Besakih is open from sunrise to dusk, however tour buses begin to pour in around 9 a.m.

Miracle or Coincidence?

In Hindu belief, the Eka Dasa Rudra ceremony must be performed every 100 years to purify and save the world. The ritual was scheduled to be performed in 1963 at Pura Besakih. In March of that same year, Mount Agung erupted violently blowing the top 400 feet off the volcano. Thousands are thought to have died on Bali as gas and lava spewed from Mount Agung. Miraculously, Pura Besakih remained relatively untouched on top of the volcano as lava poured down the slopes.

Fees to enter Pura Besakih

An entrance fee of only $1 is charged at Pura Besakih, however an additional donation is expected. Trivial fees of less than $1 are charged for parking, cameras, and video cameras.

Other temples in the area may charge additional entrance fees; always pay directly at the entrance and not to the numerous people loitering around the temple to exploit tourists.

Avoiding Scams Around Pura Besakih

The numerous scams and excessive hassle around Pura Besakih ruin the entire experience for many tourists. The temple is sadly exploited as a way to shake tourists down for money; people will literally be lined up as your car or bus arrives in the parking lot – be prepared!

Some tips for avoiding scams around the temple complex:

  • Guides are not necessary: Locals will tell you that certain temples are “closed” or that you must hire a guide to see “sacred” parts of the temple. Nearly all of the Pura Besakih temple precinct can be explored independently. Unofficial guides may demand a tip to continue halfway through your tour.
  • Take your own sarong: Proper dress is expected inside of Hindu temples; men must cover their legs with a sarong. Sarongs can be rented at the entrance of each temple, however purchasing your own in Ubud is a better idea.
  • Do not overdo donations: Upon entering each temple, you will be pressured to give a donation. A logbook of previous guests will show exorbitant amounts of $10 – $40. A typical donation to other Hindu temples in Bali is typically around $1.
  • Expect Inflated Prices: Food, drinks, and souvenirs around the temples are outrageously priced – wait until you return to Ubud to enjoy delicious Indonesian food.

Getting to Pura Besakih

Pura Besakih is located in East Bali on the southern slope of Mount Agung, around an hour by car from Ubud. Public transportation including buses and bemos (minivans) is available from both Denpasar and Ubud, however many people choose to join a tour or hire a private driver. The last bemo back to Denpasar leaves the temple around 3 p.m.

  • Ubud and You: Read about other things to do near Ubud.

Pura Besakih can also be reached from the Kintamani region in North Bali by driving south along the road to Rendang and Klungkung; the scenic drive takes around an hour.

If comfortable enough on a motorbike, scooters can be rented in Ubud for around $5 per day. Having your own transportation is a big plus for exploring the various temples and scenic drives along the slopes of Mount Agung.

  • Yawning Glory: Read about Goa Gajah, the Elephant Cave, another sacred Hindu site in Bali.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *